1. Research in Child Psychology

Summary and objectives: How do psychologists study development?

  • Define key concepts such as the stages of development, including infancy, childhood, and adolescence, and the types of development: physical development, cognitive development, and social development as well as the connection between these types.
  • Identify appropriate methods of doing developmental research such as correlational versus experimental studies, longitudinal versus cross-sectional studies, observational versus self-report methods.

Links

2. Genes & the Environment

Summary and objectives: Nature vs. nurture or nature and nurture?

Explain key concepts like heritability, polygenic variation using terms like dominant, recessive, and homozygous.

  • Identify the different types of gene-environment relationships.
  • Discuss the implications of critical methods and findings like twin and adoption studies and genetic marker studies.
  • Apply your knowledge to discover how knowing about biology might help us change the environment we create for our children?

References

Links

3. Prenatal development, birth, & the newborn

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts like periods of prenatal developments (using terms like germ disk, blastocyst, vernix, and placenta), stages of birth, and newborn reflexes (like the babinski, palmer, and sucking).
  • Discuss the methods of testing the health of the newborn (CVS, APGAR, Ultrasound).
  • Apply your knowledge and think about Why this matters? by considering the real dangers of fetal alcohol syndrome and teratogens.

References

Links

4. Healthy Growth & Nutrition

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts like secular growth trends, effects of various hormones, and how nutrition contributes to healthy growth.
  • Apply your knowledge to think about “Why this matters?” and consider the nature of childhood obesity.

References

Links

5. Neurological development

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts such as neural tube, axon, synapse, dendrite, terminal buttons, temporal lobe, parietal lobe, and occipital lobe,
  • Discuss neural development from embryo to adolescence and describe the implications of neural pruning.
  • Apply what you’ve learned to think about “Why this matters?” by looking at the effects of damage at different ages.

Links

6. perceptual & motor development

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts such as visual acuity, auditory threshold, sensory integration, dynamic systems theory, integration and differentiation.
  • Discuss the implications of critical methods and findings like habituation studies and moving room studies.
  • Talk about why this matters by connecting perception with cognition.

Links

7. Language Development

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts such as phonology, production, semantics, and grammar.
  • Summarize the results of habituation studies and intermodal preference
  • Talk about why this matters by thinking about the advantages of sign language and bilingualism.

Links

8. Theories of Cognitive Development

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts such as Piaget’s Theory (using terms like object permanence, conservation, egocentric, and mental operations), Piaget’s Stages, (sensory-motor, pre-operational, concrete, and formal operational), Vygotsky’s Theory, and Information Processing Theories.
  • Describe the surprising behavior of children in the three mountain tasks and conservation tasks.
  • Talk about why this matters by examining concepts of toy design.

Links

9. Intelligence & skills testing,

Summary and Objectives

  • Explain key concepts such as IQ, Mental Age, Spearman’s g, and crystalized vs fluid
  • Compare Sternberg’s vs Howard Gardner’s types of intelligence.
  • Decide when you would use WISC, Standford-Binet, or the Bayley Infant Milestones
  • Talk about why this matters by examining how well tests work and the Flynn Effect.

Links